Type II - Cruz de Guerra para Jefes. Instituted January 26, 1937, and amended in 1942, the Spanish War Cross Breast Star was a high military award to recognize battlefield braver and awarded to the Nationalist military personnel who defeated Republican forces at the Civil War. It is a multi-piece construction made of polished nickel-silver and gilded tombak with multi-colored enamel work. The obverse features a centrally placed rose (on a blue oval backing) surrounded by two rampant lions (on white backings) and two castles (on red pebbled translucent backing), which is surrounded by, in gold: “Al Merito En Campana” (on a lined blue translucent backing), encircled by a laurel and berry wreath that has four arrows coming out of it, which has two rampant lions (left and right), a castle (lower) and a crown and bar (top) on each arrow, with sword hilts in between each arrow, that all lies on a pebbled eight pointed dotted star. The concave full back reverse features two rivets, two soldered-on round wire keepers, a soldered-on tapered hinge, soldered-on round wire catch and round wire pin. Beautiful enamel work and gold/silver contrast. It measures 2 11/16 inches wide and tall. A great piece missing from most collections.
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